Ingrown tooth into the gum (ankylosis) is a serious disease characterized by fusion of the tooth root with the tissues of the alveoli. Such processes entail the death of the periodontium, the inclusion of the cementum of the tooth root into the alveolar bone. Due to the development of ankylosis, the tooth is incorrectly positioned. It is lower than adjacent dental units. Healthy teeth also begin to grow incorrectly, to bend. If you do not engage in treatment, the bite is deformed. As a result of the lack of chewing load, the teeth become weak, loosen, and sometimes fall out.
Ankylosis develops due to the influence of a number of external and internal factors. These include:
- genetic predisposition;
- infection of the germ;
Another ingrown tooth leads to poor absorption of calcium, or its excess.
Patients undergo tooth root removal under local anesthesia. The operation usually goes well, complications are rare. Since the overgrown root is completely covered with gum tissue, there is no access to it.
The therapeutic steps are:
- dental examination, x-ray – to see the size, position and depth of the root;
- surgery under anesthesia – the doctor makes an incision in the gum to open access to the root, removes it and stitches it;
- for the rehabilitation period, the dentist selects anti-inflammatory drugs that accelerate wound healing.
In the absence of inflammation, the gum is carefully separated from the alveoli, the tooth is removed with dental forceps.
To avoid ingrown teeth, you need to follow the rules of prevention. These include:
- contact a traumatologist in time after receiving a jaw injury;
- timely treat inflammatory diseases of the teeth.
You should also visit the dentist once every six months in order to detect the problem in time.